Silicones are synthetic compounds that include chains of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms. They come in a variety of forms and are used in many different ways in everyday life.
The field of electronics has advanced greatly in recent times, with silicones playing a key role in these advances. Silicones are used to encapsulate, seal and bond key components such as circuits and microprocessors. This means that these components can stay protected from high temperatures, water and corrosion, which has enabled the field of electronics to make significant leaps forward.
Silicones are resistant to bacteria and can be easily sterilised, so they are suitable for many applications in healthcare. Silicones are hypoallergenic and do not react with other materials, so they can be used externally and within the body. Sheets of silicone can be used on healing skin to soften scars and help them to flatten; at the same time, they can reduce discomfort and relieve itching.
Silicone compounds are used in construction as sealants, adhesives and coatings. Silicone adhesives can bond a wide variety of challenging materials, including concrete, glass and steel. Silicone coatings and sealants are used to protect materials and joints from water, pollution, sunlight and pollution. Available from companies such as https://www.goodflexrubber.com/pages/silicone-hose-manufacture/, silicone hoses are used in a variety of construction applications and machinery.
Baking and cooking products
In recent years, an increasing number of baking and cooking utensils have been made from silicone. Silicone is flexible and non-stick, making it easy to use and easy to clean. Silicone does not add any flavour or aroma to the food during the cooking process, making it a popular choice for cake pans and baking mats.
Many household polishes and floor cleaners contain silicones, which can enhance shine and do not react with the surfaces they are used on. Silicones are also added to fabric conditioners, with their softening properties helping to preserve the ‘newness’ of clothing. Their elasticity can help to reduce wrinkling in clothes; in addition, silicones can control foaming during the wash cycle.
Adding silicone to paints and coatings can help them to last longer and withstand sun, salt and pollution. Silicones can also make paints more flexible, which helps them to cope with repeated freezing and thawing without cracking or peeling.